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Book Report: Monster of the Midway
posted on AmericanChronicle.com, Wednesday, June 8, 2011
the most recognizable names in pro football history has to be that of the
legendary Chicago Bears player, Bronko Nagurski. In the 2003 book, Monster of
the Midway, author Jim Dent tells the story of Nagurski's life and football
career, from a simple farm boy in Minnesota to the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
is regarded as one of the toughest players ever in the NFL, a powerful running
back and blocker as well as a top defensive lineman who could stop opposing
runners cold. Is it any wonder that the Chicago Bears earned the nickname, "The
Monsters of the Midway", during the Bronko Nagurski era?
Bronko's father, Nicholas Nagurski, emigrated from Poland to Canada at the age
of 19. In those days, immigrants from Europe who wanted to come to America, but
did not have any relatives in the U.S., had to go to Canada first. Nicholas only
had a third grade education, but was a hard worker and was very intent on
eventually making it to America.
In 1907, Nicholas married Michelina Nagurski, his fourth cousin, who had
traveled from Europe on her own to be with him. Bronko was born in 1908 in Rainy
River, Ontario. He was the first of the couple's four children. His real name
was Bronislau, but his first grade teacher nicknamed him Bronko because the
other children in his class were having a hard time pronouncing his name.
The family came to America in 1912 and settled in International Fall, Minnesota.
Nicholas started out owning a local grocery store but though hard work he also
owned a construction business as well as a sawmill and a real estate company.
Bronko was a star player on the high school football team in his junior year,
but the rest of the team was terrible. They lost every game that season. The
summer before his senior year, the coach in Bemidji, Minnesota, about 30 miles
south of International Falls, sent a message asking if Bronko wanted to transfer
and play for him. Since Bemidji had a much better team, he decided to leave
International Falls. Bemidji was also a place where college recruiters came
looking for prospects and Bronko really wanted to play college football.
The superintendent at International Falls lodged a complaint with the Minnesota
High School Athletic Association over the transfer and Bronko was suspended from
playing sports in his senior year. He was allowed to practice with the Bemidji
team, however, and received offers from a few small colleges, but none were to
his liking so he turned them all down.
In the summer of 1926, after Bronko had graduated from high school, he was back
home in International Falls. One day he was plowing a field when a man in a
green Ford stopped by. It was Dr. Clarence "Fats" Spears, the coach of the
University of Minnesota. The two spent the afternoon fishing together and Bronko
agreed to play football for Minnesota.
Nagurski had a great college career playing for the Gophers. However, his
parents and sibling only made it to one of his games. It was the last home game
of his senior season in 1929. After the season, famed sportswriter Grantland
Rice named Nagurski to not one, but two positions on the annual All-American
Team. He was selected at fullback as well as defensive tackle. Rice had taken
over compiling the list following the death of Walter Camp in 1924.
Nagurski went on to play in the post-season East-West Shrine game in San
Francisco. After the game, Chicago Bears coach and owner George Halas approached
Nagurski on the field. In his hand was a contract for Bronko to play for the
Bears in 1930 for the sum of $5,000. He signed the contract on the spot.
Training camp for the Bears in 1930 was held on the campus of Notre Dame
University in South Bend, Indiana. That year, George Halas stopped playing on
the team and also chose Ralph Jones to take over as Bears head coach so that he
could spend more time concentrating on running the team and building the NFL
into a more stable and profitable league.
Another player on the Bears team that year was the legendary Red Grange, who had
re-signed to play for Chicago in 1929. Grange originally signed with the Bears
in 1925, the day after his final college football game. He was the biggest name
in the NFL at the time and brought instant attention to the struggling league.
As soon as he was signed, the Bears and their new star went on a 19-game
barnstorming tour across the country. But after the 1925 season, Grange's agent,
C.C. Pyle wanted a one-third ownership for himself and Grange in the Bears.
Halas and his team co-owner, Dutch Sternaman, refused. Pyle then tried to get
the NFL to grant him a team in New York City, but the league turned him down as
well because it already had the New York Giants. Pyle decided to form his own
professional football league in 1926 as a rival to the NFL. It was called the
American Professional Football League and Grange was the star player for the New
The APFL only lasted one year, but Pyle, Grange and the Yankees were allowed to
join the NFL in 1927. The Yankee team folded after the 1927 season. Grange had
suffered a severe knee injury that year and did not even play at all in 1928.
Grange and Pyle parted ways after the 1927 season.
As a testament to his toughness, Nagurski reportedly ran into a policeman on
horseback in a 1931 game against the Chicago Cardinals. The horse was lifted off
the ground by the hit inflicted by the Bears running back as he was forced out
of bounds on a sweep. He immediately apologized to the horse. Nagurski also is
said to have hit the brick wall at Wriggly Field so hard once after running
through the end zone for a touchdown that he put a crack in the wall.
In 1932, the Chicago Bears and the Portsmouth Spartans ended the season tied for
first place. Up until that year, the NFL champion was crowned simply by virtue
of the team with the best record. There were no playoffs or championship game
back then. But the NFL decided to add some excitement that year by holding its
first ever championship game in Chicago at Wrigley Field. However, three
blizzards hit the city over the course of 10 days and the city was buried in
snow. Instead of cancelling the game, it was decided that the game would be
played indoors at the Chicago Stadium, the place where the Chicago Blackhawks
played hockey at the time.
The Bears had played an exhibition game at Chicago Stadium in 1930 against their
cross-town rivals, the Chicago Cardinals. Just days before the 1932 NFL title
game was played, the Barnum and Bailey Circus had been at Chicago Stadium. There
was six inched of dirt already covering the concrete floor, complete with circus
Chicago Stadium was not big enough to allow for a full sized football field.
Instead, the playing field was only 80-yards long; 60 for the playing field with
10-yard end zones at each end, and it was only 40-yards wide. (This is somewhat
similar to what an Arena Football field is like today.) There was only one set
of goal posts at one end of the field. Several special rules had to be adopted
for the game. There were no field goals allowed and kickoffs were from the
10-yard line. Anytime that a team crossed , mid-field they were automatically
set back 20-yards to make the stats come out closer to those played on a full
Portsmouth was without their star quarterback/tailback, Dutch Clark, who had
already left the team for his off season job as the basketball coach at the
Colorado School of Mines.
The game was scoreless through the first three quarters. Chicago finally got on
the scoreboard in the fourth quarter when, on a fourth down play, Nagurski
attempted to run the ball over from the 2-yard line. The Spartans anticipated
the play and were ready for him. When he realized that there was nowhere to run,
he stopped short of the line of scrimmage and improvised. He took a couple of
steps back and scanned the end zone. He jumped up and threw a pass to Red Grange
that was caught for a touchdown. Portsmouth coach Potsy Clark ran onto the field
screaming at the officials. In those days, NFL rules stipulated that a legal
forward pass had to be thrown from at least five yards behind the line of
scrimmage. The officials gathered together to talk about the play, but decided
to let the play stand.
Later in the quarter, Portsmouth was punting from its own end zone. Spartan
punter Mule Wilson dropped the ball and it rolled out of the end zone for a
safety. The final score was Chicago 9, Portsmouth 0. An estimated crowd of
12,000 fans was in attendance for the game. The next day, the Portsmouth Times
newspaper ran the headline, "Sham Battle on Tom Thumb Gridiron."
During the off season, a number of significant
rule changes were implemented to make the game more exciting to watch. One of
them was known as the "Bronko Rule," which allowed for a forward pass to be
thrown from anywhere behind the line of scrimmage. They also added hash marks to
the field, which college football already had. The owners did away with the
five-yard penalty for an incomplete pass and eliminated a change of possession
rule for an incomplete pass in the end zone. Goal posts were moved from the goal
line to the back of the end zone and the ball itself was made smaller, more
aerodynamic, and easier to throw to encourage more passing. The league was also
divided into two divisions, East and West, allowing for a championship game
between the division winners to be played every year from then on.
One rule change, however, was not a popular one with most of the owners, but the
proposal passed anyway. At the urging of Boston Redskins owner George Preston
Marshall, the NFL agreed to ban black players from playing in the NFL. Blacks
had been playing in the league since it was founded in 1920.
In the summer of 1934, the sports editor of the Chicago Tribune newspaper, Arch
Ward, came up with the idea for an exhibition game between the defending NFL
champion and a team of College All-Stars. The game was played in Chicago, of
course. The Bears and Nagurski played the All-Stars to a 0-0 tie in the
inaugural game in front of 79,432 people at Soldier Field. The year before, in
1933, Ward had also come up with the idea for an All-Star game in Major League
Baseball between the American League and the National League. That game was also
played in Chicago.
Nagurski and the Bears played in the first Thanksgiving Day game in Detroit in
1934, beating the Lions 19-16. Thanks to the blocking of Nagurski that year, his
team mate, Beatty Feathers, became the first player in the NFL to rush for over
1,000 yards in a single season. Red Grange also retired after the 1934 season.
Following the 1934 season, Bronko began making extra money by starring on the
pro wrestling circuit.
During the 1935 season, Nagurski missed five games due to an ailing hip. He was
diagnosed with a Streptococcus infection in his hip and sciatica. Coach Halas
blamed it on the wrestling.
Nagurski married Eileen Kane on December 23, 1936. Their first son, Bronko
Nagurski, Jr., was born on December 25, 1937.
On June 29, 1937, after toiling in the minor circuit of professional wrestling,
Nagurski won his first world championship title. He defeated Dean Detton at the
Minneapolis Field House.
Because of his wrestling schedule, Nagurski missed the entire 1937 preseason and
all practices. He did join the Bears in time for the first regular season game.
However, he continued to wrestle between football games through mid October. In
one 12-day stretch, Nagurski played in four football games and wrestled in nine
matches, each one in a different city!
The Bears lost to the Washington Redskins 28-21 in the 1937 NFL championship
game and Nagurski decided to retire from playing football. Constant hip and knee
problems were making it hard for him to continue on the gridiron. He did,
however, continue wrestling through the late 1950īs.
The Bears struggled on the field without Nagurski for the next few years until
the 1940 season. That's when new coach Heartley "Hunk" Anderson, took over the
team. Anderson went to high school with George Gipp in Calumet, Michigan and
also played alongside Gipp at Notre Dame. He went on to be an assistant football
coach under Knute Rockne during the days of The Four Horsemen. Anderson had also
played for the Bears during Red Grange's first season in the NFL. When Rockne
was killed in a plane crash in 1931, Anderson became the Notre Dame head coach.
Bears second year quarterback, Sid Luckman, took command of the team and its
complex T-Formation offense in 1940 and Chicago advanced to the NFL title game
once more to face the Washington Redskins. The Bears demolished the Redskins
73-0 in the most lopsided game ever in NFL history.
By 1943, the United States was fully engaged in World War II. Many NFL players
were called to active duty and were serving overseas. Even George Halas, at the
age of 47, volunteered to serve in the war. He joined the Navy and served in the
South Pacific. The shortage of players was so severe that the Pittsburgh
Steelers and the Philadelphia Eagles combined that year to field a team called
Hunk Anderson convinced Bronko Nagurski to come out of retirement and play one
more season in Chicago. Nagurski was now 35 years old and had not played
football in almost six years, but he agreed to join the team. There were only
five players left on the team from the 1937 Bears squad that Nagurski had
previously played on.
Instead of playing running back, Nagurski played offensive and defensive tackle.
He opened holes for the running backs when he was on offense and he stopped
runners cold when he was on defense. Because of the lack of players in 1943, the
NFL relaxed the rule on substitutions. Previously, if a player came off the
field, he could not come back until the next quarter. That's why players played
both ways and on special teams. In 1943, the NFL allowed substitutions at any
time during the game, which was a great help to the aging Nagurski.
Nagurski showed that he could still play football at a high level even though he
only played on the line. Towards the end of the season, however, the team was
hurting for players once again as injuries and a flu outbreak on the team made
Nagurski realize that he was needed at running back once again. In the final
game of the regular season he played on the line through the first three
quarters, but in the fourth quarter, with the Bears trailing 24-14, Nagurski
took the field as a running back. He carried the ball 16 times for 84 yards and
helped the team to a 35-24 come from behind win, which put them in the NFL title
games once again.
The Bears faced the Washington Redskins yet again on December 26, 1943. It would
be Nagurski's final NFL game. George Halas was home on leave from the Navy and
was in attendance at Wriggly Field for the game in his naval uniform. Chicago
won the game 41-21. It was Nagurski's third NFL title after winning back-to-back
championships in 1932 and 1933.
Nagurski never played in the NFL again, but he did play in one final football
game. On May 17, 1958, at the age of 50, he suited up for an Alumni football
game at the University of Minnesota. He ran the ball several times during the
first quarter and even scored a touchdown which delighted the fans who had come
out to see the game. Of course, his team won 26-2.
When the Pro Football Hall of Fame opened in Canton, Ohio in 1963, Bronko
Nagurski was among those in the very first class. Two other Bears greats, Red
Grange and George Halas, were also included in that inaugural class.
Nagurski's last public appearance came in January of 1983 when he participated
in the coin toss at Super Bowl XVIII in Tampa.
Bronko Nagurski died on January 7, 1990 at the age of 81. He is buried in
International Falls, MN, the town where he grew up and lived his entire life
when he was not wrestling or playing football.
Since 1993, the Bronko Nagurski Award has been presented to the most valuable
defensive player in college football. It is presented by the Charlotte Touchdown
Club and the Football Writers Association of America.
Nagurski's son, Bronko Nagurski, Jr., played in the Canadian Football League for
eight seasons. He played college football at Notre Dame and was drafted by the
NFL San Francisco 49ers in 1959, but opted to play in Canada instead. He played
offensive tackle for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats from 1959-1966, winning two Grey
Cup championships in 1963 and 1965. He died on March 7, 2011 at the age of 73.
If you are ever in International Falls, make sure you visit the Bronko Nagurski
Museum. It is located at 101 Sixth Avenue.
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